Certain issues and barriers regarding RE development need to be unveiled and sufficiently addressed by the ASEAN countries, which can be discussed in national workshops participated by various agencies, including government, research institutions, private and commercial industries. Findings from these activities are anticipated to be included in the formulation of a policy and institutional framework for the development on RE.
Skilled and trained personnel are essential to help realize the actual potential of RE. Necessary transfer of technology, knowledge and skills among ASEAN countries are required for capacity building. Special training sessions need to be conducted to facilitate the exchange of information on technology and successful practice among experienced ASEAN personnel.
Experience gained in the ASEAN region is valuable. Therefore, it is highly important for other countries in the region to gain access to mature technologies. Exposure through organizing bilateral dialogues and consultation workshops, training courses, study tours and exchange of visits of technical experts shall be encouraged.
2. Promote the development and contribution of RE in energy supply
The success in the development of renewable energy is gauged through its increasing importance in the national energy balance in competition with conventional sources of energy. Therefore, the target to attain at least 10 percent of dependable capacity utilizing RE for power generation is deemed as an acceptable and precise indicator in ASEAN context.
3. To further strengthen information networking in RE
Given the high acceptance of internet based information dissemination, the existing online information networking, i.e PRESSEA and ASEM GRIPP Network, will be sustained to help ensure effective diffusion of RE initiatives. Selected stakeholders in the region will be invited to attend national level RE programme workshops and seminars organized by member countries to share experience and lesson learned.
4. Promote intra-ASEAN cooperation on ASEAN-made products and services
At the moment, ACE has taken the initiative to compile existing RE specification and standards of ASEAN Member countries in its infonet. This effort will be continued to ensure sufficient and updated information readily accessible to all.
Efforts will be devoted to the commercialization and marketing aspects of RE technologies. A market study will be conducted to identify and address the constraints in marketing renewable technologies in order to facilitate diffusion and to enable the renewable industry to be self-sustaining.
Lack of standard and codes of practice contribute to the perceived risk in renewable energy application among investors and consumers. To improve their confidence, RE products should comply with certain standard.
The capacity of the local industry to manufacture, assemble, service and maintain the RE products must be improved in order to assist in fostering commercialization. The capabilities of local manufacturing should be supported by strategic incentives from the government.
In spite of the merits of NRE, significant barrier to its wide scale application involve high cost of investment which undermine the efforts to further expand its utilization and to achieve the targeted commercialization phase. An innovative financing instrument/mechanism should be formulated to accelerate use of RE.
Given the potential merits of RE for the ASEAN region, a compilation of prospective RE projects will be made to ascertain the accumulated potential installed capacity within the area. The activity will provide interested developers with valuable information needed for investment decision-making.
A cooperative arrangement among countries is viewed as a viable approach. Multilateral collaborations that bring in private and international agencies to invest in viable RE projects shall be continued.
5. To promote the utilization of biomass-based cogeneration technology
Biomass-based cogeneration system for the production of electricity and usable energy will be encouraged. In this respect, the generation of energy mainly for in-house consumption will be promoted. The supply of excess energy generated by the biomass-based generating system to the local community and to the grid will be encouraged.
It is envisaged that closer cooperation with the on-going EC-ASEAN Cogen Programme will be undertaken to accelerate the acceptance of the technology in the region.
6. To promote the utilization of biofuels
any countries are trying to search for alternative fuels to reduce heavy reliance on petroleum fuels. Under the programme area, utilization of biofuels calls for focused technological cooperation in bioenergy. Linkage with automotive and related industries shall be established in order to advance technological know-how and R&D activities. Likewise, market studies shall be conducted to fully determine the commercial potential of bioenergy.